This article or essay treats the aspects of love in Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice. Jane Susten could be easily called as a professor of the heart, as in one piece of literature, she shows us so many different types of love, yet the story stays interesting, and does not become a plain essay on kinds of love.
Pride and Prejudice is a literary masterpiece. Critics have praised this piece of literature for several issues it brings up, especially the authentic and punctual portrayal of the rural society of the day, specifically the social standings, the hierarchies and social interaction. Another topic in the book worth mentioning is the different kinds and aspects of love or marriage depicted. Jane Susten could be easily called as a professor of the heart, as in one piece of literature, she shows us so many different types of love, yet the story stays interesting, and does not become a plain essay on kinds of love.
When one is talking about romantic love, one could differentiate between the types of it. There is, for example, the deep, intellectual love. This type of love is featured in Lizzy's and Darcy's relationship. They fight against their feelings, they over-analyse their emotions, they try to separate themselves from their hearts, but they just cannot do that, because the immense feelings they have. They are emotional yet thorough. They do not jump into unthoughtful decisions. Therefore, they get married when both of them is entirely sure about the fact that their personalities suit each other and that their feelings are steady and deep.
Another kind of love is the sweet, mellow love. It occurs when two really gentle, sweet, kind-hearted people meet and develop affections for each other. Their emotions might not be as heart-wrenching or passionate as other people's, but if they find the right partners, they are going to have a really harmonious relationship. Jane and Bingley are perfect examples for that. They might not be as philosophical about life and love as Lizzy and Darcy, but they love each other, and make a perfect couple, and that is what counts.
Then there is passionate love, which could be even called as infatuation instead of love, because it exists only for a while. It is really passionate and lustful, but it loses its magic and exciting-ness after a while. This kind of description applies to Lydia and Wickham. In their case, their good looks and their youth is what keeps the fire burning, but after a while, all the glamour of this kind of love fades away, and then comes boredom, as the reader gets to know at the end of the book.
There is selfish love. In this case, it is paired with the love being unrequited, which emphasises the selfish nature of the certain lover even more, in this case, Caroline Bingley's. People in love sometimes cannot accept their fates and the decisions of the beloved ones, and come up with less and more hurtful ways to get rid of the rivals.
In addition to that, even teen love is addressed. Georgiana is still a teenager when her love affair with Wickham occurs. Most teenager loves are rather delusional, as teenagers do not even have a complete and complex personality and view of the world, and can be manipulated by good looks, sweet talking and they can imagine certain personality traits into someone which those do not have. She cannot see through Wickham's schemes and plans of getting rich and getting into more wealthy and prominent families and communities of society.
Marriage is a central topic of Pride and Prejudice. Certainly, critics mostly address Darcy's and Lizzy's wedding and the complications and obstacles the two have to tackle, mostly society's expectations about the bride's and the groom's social standings, however, marrying without any romantic feelings is a theme the novel shows in countless of different ways.
Gold diggers do not only exist in today's society. Wickham almost marries Miss King, the widow, who suddenly became really well-off, just to put his hands on her money. Collins is lesser of a gold digger, as he is planning to marry Lizzy in the first place also for material reasons.
Also, there is the conception of the well-known practice of pre-planned wedding in the novel, as a tradition still existing in that era. Some prominent and wealthy people planned to marry their children to the children of other socialites, with either great fortunes, to for example grow the amount of their estate, or to obtain a noble title. Lady Catherine de Bourgh represents this practice and believes in it fondly, as her main aim is to get her hands on Pemberley, by marrying her daughter to Darcy.
Finally, there is the kind of marriage which is depicted by the way Colling and Charlotte live together: a marriage done out of comfort by two people who would like to live a nice enough, calm life, but do not seem to find their soul mates. Hence they decide on marrying someone who would provide them a cosy lifestyle.
To sum it up, Janes Austen tells her readers several things about marriage and love - and not only about love as it was in her day with all the social surroundings, but she points out notions and matters of the human heart, which are eternal.